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Apr 01, 2019 2:48pm

Julia Usher baking in her home kitchen
Blog Recipes and Tips From Julia Usher

Beadwork Technique Tips

Even though some people may think of beadwork (the making of perfectly round icing dots) as a minor icing detail, I treat it here and in my book Ultimate Cookies as a full-fledged decorating technique. Why the extra attention? Well, partly because I love dots and I use them a lot (the top photo is testament to my fetish); but also because beadwork is one of the trickier techniques for beginners. I can’t tell you how many times my icing dots have been mistaken for store-bought dragées, or that I’ve been asked, “How come your dots are so round and mine always have peaks?” People too often get frustrated because they can’t achieve picture-perfect results. But as the tips below will show you, there’s really no reason to fret over dots. Success lies primarily in icing consistency and how you handle your parchment cone.

What you’ll need for beadwork:

  • As many gingerbread or sugar cookies as you want to decorate (see related cookie recipes, coming soon)
  • Enough Royal Icing to detail these cookies (allow at least 1/2 cup for practice, to start)
  • Liqua-gel (aka soft gel) food coloring of your choice
  • Water, for thinning icing
  • Powdered sugar, for thickening icing, as needed
  • A few parchment pastry cones (or plastic baggies or pastry bags fitted with round metal tips)


1 | Fill a parchment pastry cone about half to two-thirds full with Royal Icing that has been tinted a color of your choice and then thinned to beadwork consistency (about 2 to 3 teaspoons water per cup of thick Royal Icing). Cut a small (1/16-inch or more) hole straight across the tip of the cone. (It’s best to start with a small hole and later cut a bigger one if your dots end up too small.)  Alternatively, place the icing in a pastry bag fitted with a small round tip.

2 | First, test the icing flow and bead size and shape on a surface other than your cookie(s). Hold the bag at a 90-degree angle to your work surface, with the tip of the bag almost touching the surface, and apply just enough pressure from the grip to create a dot. Continue to apply pressure until the dot reaches the size you want. Stop applying pressure and abruptly pull up the bag to break the icing flow. Icing of the proper consistency should settle into a perfectly round dot on its own, even if it starts out with a tiny peak on top, as on the last dot in the third photo. Pipe a few more dots in a row.

3 | Give the dots a little time to settle into their final size/shape. If you’re happy with the dots, then repeat Step 2 on your cookie(s). If not, read my Additional Tips, below.

Additional Tips: If your dots end up with peaks that don’t settle out, it’s simply because your icing is too thick. Thin it with a touch more water and try again. If your dots have no peaks but don’t look quite round, check to make sure you’ve cut the tip on your parchment pastry cone straight across, or use a round metal tip in a pastry bag. (Holes cut at an angle can lead to irregular shapes.) If that doesn’t work, be sure you’re holding the parchment pastry cone or pastry bag at a 90-degree angle to the cookie. Again, piping at some other angle can lead to oval shapes.

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By cristina zarate jacome on June 03, 2012

Hola, Cristina! Gracias! I appreciate the kind words. I am not entirely sure where you can find my books in Mexico. Perhaps you could ask your local bookseller to specially order the books for you? Or perhaps you can order from Amazon? They are definitely available on Amazon, though I am not sure how much they would charge to ship. Here’s the link to my most recent book:

I hope this helps you locate them! Again, thank you!

By Julia M Usher on June 03, 2012

Help, please, I’m making different size dots on a rubber duckie cookie to represent bubbles.  They are all catering ( air pockets). I don’t know what I’m doing wrong,  I have made dots on cookies before and this has not happened, any tips or suggestions you can give would be grately appreciated!  Thanks so much!

By Wendi on March 21, 2015

Hi, Wendi, Sorry for the delayed response. Busy weekend! Cratering usually happens when the icing is too loose and the dots reach a certain size (greater than tiny, but not really big - to be exact! ;)). Try thickening the icing a touch (as much as you can without leaving peaks). Quick-drying the icing in a dehydrator or near a heat fan can also prevent cratering in general, not just in dots. Hope this helps!

By Julia M Usher on March 22, 2015